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Table of Contents Vol:9 Issue 3/2019

THE LANGUAGE OF EUROSCEPTICISM: STUDY CASE – MARGARET THATCHER AND HER BRUGES SPEECH FROM 1988
Lucian BĂLĂNUŢĂ1

MANIPULATION - A SOCIAL PHENOMENON
Ion SÎRBU1

„FAKE NEWS” – A NEW METHOD OF MANIPULATION OR OF INFORMING THE PUBLIC?
Marius Silviu BURLUI1, Mihail ORZEAŢĂ2

TELEVISION PROGRAMMES AND POLITICAL ENLIGHTENMENT: AN APPRAISAL OF YOUTH’S PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS IN CALABAR MUNICIPALITY
Patricia OKOI ENYONG1, John GODSWILL1

EFFECTIVENESS OF HANDOUTS IN TEACHING ANTON CHEKHOV’S STORY “ABOUT LOVE”
Lok Raj SHARMA1

THE ROLE OF THE SPOKESPERSON IN THE PROCESS OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
Andrei CONSTANTIN1, Irina PETRUCĂ2

THE LIGHT OF THE BOOK IN FILM FORMULAS
Dumitru OLĂRESCU1

SCRUTINIZING STUDENTS’ PREFERENCEFOR THE MEDIUM OF ACADEMIC READING TEXTS
Lok Raj SHARMA1

THE LANGUAGE OF EUROSCEPTICISM: STUDY CASE – MARGARET THATCHER AND HER BRUGES SPEECH FROM 1988

Lucian BĂLĂNUŢĂ1    << Back to contents

Abstract
Distrust regarding the European Union’s policies seeks
a British legacy, raised upon an imperial and insular
history and a consequent devised political factor inside the
country. The intensity of the dilemma marks various
rejections of integration projects and policies inside a
European frame. The
phenomenon has been employed in various public
speeches, first of all as a feature of the mainstream political
landscape. The first articulated struggles towards the
European Economic Community (EEC) were manifested
in the 1980’s, during Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s
terms. The aim of this paper is to point out a comprehensive
understanding of Thatcher’s Eurosceptic legacy through
an analysis of the language she used when she delivered
her famous 1988 Bruges speech about the future of Europe.
Keywords: United Kingdom, Euroscepticism, narrative,
language.

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MANIPULATION - A SOCIAL PHENOMENON

Ion SÎRBU1    << Back to contents

Abstract
Manipulation is a phenomenon that manifests itself in
politics, the media, military art, education, medicine and
art, philosophy, religion, theology, and in all human
relationships. Manipulation in general is negative, but it is
also positive in some aspects. Having roots in the behaviour
of animals, manipulation is still a human phenomenon, a
social phenomenon.
Keywords: manipulation, social phenomenon, human
phenomenon, manipulation in politics, military manipulation,
manipulation in medicine, theological-religious manipulation,
philosophical manipulation.

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„FAKE NEWS” – A NEW METHOD OF MANIPULATION OR OF INFORMING THE PUBLIC?

Marius Silviu BURLUI1, Mihail ORZEAŢĂ2    << Back to contents

Abstract
This article presents the main theoretical and practical
aspects regarding the “fake news” phenomenon. The
issues addressed represent both ideas from the literature
review and the results of my efforts to understand and
explain what I consider worth writing about “fake news”.
This paper deals with: mass-media as a means of
information, the measures taken against this type of “fake
news”, the lack of institutional support in Romania,
manipulation and propaganda. This paper aims to improve
civic education: a small guide to identify media
manipulation, the way in which people can identify a fake
in the media (photo or video image). In Romania, in order
to introduce such elements in education an in-depth study
and, a thorough analysis of the specialised literature is
required. One should start with the formation of an
institutional framework and with the training of specialists
in the fields of communication and public relations.
Keywords: „fake news”, mass-media, manipulation,
propaganda.

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TELEVISION PROGRAMMES AND POLITICAL ENLIGHTENMENT: AN APPRAISAL OF YOUTH’S PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS IN CALABAR MUNICIPALITY

Patricia OKOI ENYONG1, John GODSWILL1    << Back to contents

Abstract
The Study examined Television Programmes and
Political Enlightenment: An Appraisal of Youth’s
Participation in Politics in Calabar Municipality.The main
objective of the study was to ascertain the level of youths’
exposure to political enlightenment programmes by
television stations in Calabar Municipality. The researchers
used relevant literature to gather secondary data while the
survey method was used to generate primary data for the
analysis. The researcher adopted the Agenda Setting
Theory as the theoretical framework. The study adopted
the multistage sampling technique. The data generated
during the course of the study were presented in tables
and were exhaustively discussed to enable the researchersto
draw conclusion and recommendations. The researchers
were able to retrieve 372 out of 384 copies of questionnaire
distributed and administered to the respondents. The
findings in the study revealed that the majority of the
youths are not exposed to political enlightenment
programmes by television stations in Calabar Municipality
because the programmes are inadequate. Further findings
revealed that there is an increase to an extent in youths’
participation in political activities, there is awareness on
the political activities in the state and some of the youths
are politically inclined to their leaders and political parties
as a result of the two programmes but they are not effective
enough in exposing more youths to political activities in
their locality. It is on this note that the researchers
recommended that active participation of the youths
should be encouraged via CRBC and NTA political
programmes, as it leads to the election of a more robust
government.
Keywords: appraisal, enlightenment, mobilization,
participation, politics, television.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF HANDOUTS IN TEACHING ANTON CHEKHOV’S STORY “ABOUT LOVE”

Lok Raj SHARMA1    << Back to contents

Abstract
The crucial objective of this article is to examine the
effectiveness of handouts in teaching Anton Chekhov’s story
entitled “About Love” published in 1898. The study was
experimental in nature and the pretest-posttest control group
research design was adopted among 60 students from the
XIIgrade studying atMakawanpur Multiple Campus, Hetauda,
Nepal. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the
students in order to form the Control Group and the Experimental
Group which were taught by using the lecturemethod without
handouts and the lecture method with handouts,respectively for
forty-five minutes in different class rooms. The independent
samples t test in SPSS was used to compare pretest and Posttest
Mean Scores between two groups.The independent samples t test
between the Experimental Group and the Control Group on the
Posttest MeanScore (observed t- value= 11.710, critical t- value=
2.001, df= 58 and p< .05) shows that there was a statistically
significant difference in the Posttest Mean Scores between the
Experimental Group (Mean=65.500) and the Control Group
(Mean=47.400). The difference in their Posttest Mean Scores
reflects that the lecture method with handouts was more effective
than the lecture method without handouts. It obviously indicates
that the use of handouts in teaching the story was effective.This
article is significant to those who are involved in teachinglearning
activities.
Keywords: effectiveness, handouts, language, lecture,
teaching.

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THE ROLE OF THE SPOKESPERSON IN THE PROCESS OF PUBLIC RELATIONS

Andrei CONSTANTIN1, Irina PETRUCĂ2    << Back to contents

Abstract
In both public and private institutions, communication
with the public has evolved in recent years from the
optional stage to the necessity or even compulsory stage.
The employees in every organisation have to understand
the significance of communication as well as the way in
which messages are produced and broadcasted and, at the
same time, they have to make sure that “the organisation
speaks the same language even when it uses different
communication channels”. The public has the right to
receive the requested information from an institution, in
order to express its viewpoints and to exercise its right of
democratic participation.
Keywords:spokesperson, public relations, media.

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THE LIGHT OF THE BOOK IN FILM FORMULAS

Dumitru OLĂRESCU1    << Back to contents

Abstract
Nowadays, when we are dominated by the image
empire, valuing books by means of the great audio-visual
possibilities of the film offers significant perspectives. In
film, due to the three components (image, literary
commentary, musical score), the iconographic material
(manuscript, photography, painting, scheme, etc.) gains
movement, spatial and sound volume – a process that
enlarges the ideal background, facilitates the assimilation
and valuing of the views exposed in the book. As an
argument – the documentary films of the film-maker Pavel
Bălan, the one who successfully inaugurated two film cycles:
The light of the book, the one that included the films The echo
of the old boilers, The light page. And the second cycle - The
forefathers of our past with the movies: Varlam, Anastasie
Crimca, Dosoftei, Petru Movilă, Dimitrie Cantemir. Together
with the achievement of his films, P. Bălan makes a name
for himself as a great book author, historiographer and
photographer. Starting from the album book - Poliptic
Moldavian (1985, The State Prize of Moldova), followed by
another five valuable historical and cultural books, ending
up in 2016 with his last book Pray for the nation, an authentic
identity card of our national identity. These two creative
hypostases belonging to P. Bălan allow us to understand the
book valuing process by means of film language.
Keywords: cinematic language, literary commentary, filmic
image, four gospels, bibliographic heritage, image conservation.

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SCRUTINIZING STUDENTS’ PREFERENCEFOR THE MEDIUM OF ACADEMIC READING TEXTS

Lok Raj SHARMA1    << Back to contents

Abstract
The prime purpose of this research article is to scrutinize the
Bachelor of Business Management (BBM)students’ preference
regarding printand electronic medium of reading texts for their
examinations. This article is based on the cross sectional survey
carried out at Makawanpur Multiple Campus, Nepal acrossthe
Second, Fourth, Sixth and Eighth Semester Bachelor of Business
students’ preference and reasons for using their medium of
reading texts.Thepercentage of students who preferred print
was no statistically significant association between gender and
preferred medium, and no statistically significant association
between semester and preferred medium of reading texts.
Keywords: Chi-square test, electronic text, print texts,
reading.

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